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【转载】There be 句型的几种特殊结构及其用法  

2017-01-31 22:48:13|  分类: 已发表文章 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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There be 句型的几种特殊结构及其用法 - liufeng8657291@126 - 英语梦

 

1. There is no doing 结构。其意为“不可能…”、“无法…”:

There’s no denying the fact. 这一事实不容否认。

There is no getting over the difficulty. 这困难无法克服。

There is no knowing what he will do next. 无法知道他下一步要干什么。

There was no telling when she would be back。没法知道她什么时候回来。

2. There is no difficulty in doing sth结构。意为“做某事没有困难”:

There is no difficulty in finding his office. 找到了他的办公室没费一点劲。

There was no difficulty in carrying out the plan. 执行这项计划没什么困难。

3. There’s no doubt… 结构。意为“毫无疑问…”:

There is no doubt of his success. 毫无疑问他一定会成功。

There could be no doubt that he was one of the best writer in this country. 毫无疑问他是这个国家最优秀的作家之一。

4. There is no hurry (to do sth) 句式。其意为“不用急(于做某事)”:

There’s no hurry to return the book. 现在不急于还书。

There’s no hurry, so do it slowly and carefully. 不用赶时间,要慢慢细心地做。

5.There’s no need for…结构。其意为“不需要或不必要…”:

There is no need for help. 不需要帮助。

There is no need for you to go. 你没有必要去。

6. There is no question about...结构。其意为“…是毫无疑问的”:

There’s no question about his success. 毫无疑问他会成功。

There’s no question about his honesty. 毫无疑问他是诚实的。

7. There is no question of doing sth 句式。其意为“做某事是不可能的”:

There is no question of his coming. 他不可能会来。

There is no question of our arriving on time. 我们不可能准时赶到。

8. There is no sense in doing sth 结构。意为“做某事没有道理或好处”:

There’s no sense in criticizing him. 批评他也没有用。

There’s no sense in waiting three hours. 等三小时是不没有道理的。

9. There’s no point in doing sth 句式。意为“做某事没有用”:

There’s no point (in) telling her about is. 告诉她没有用。

There’s no point in wasting time. 耗时间没用。

【注】以上有的结构中的no根据情况也可换成其他限定词:

There is some difficulty in doing sth意为“做某事有些困难”。

There is much difficulty in doing sth意为“做某事许多困难”。

There’s a need for…意为“需要或有必要…”。

10. There must\ might\ may...be句型: 

        There must be something wrong here. 
        There might still be some vacant seats in the rear. 
        There ought to be something with which to fill your stocking.  

11. There is likely to be\ happen to be\ seem(to be)\ occur等代替, 例如:

        There are likely to be more difficulties than they have been prepared for. 
       There happened to be nobody in the room. 
        There have occurred many great changes since we met last.
12. there live\ stand\ exist\ remain...。例如: 
        There lives a family of five in the village. 
       There remains nothing more to be done. 
       There stands the Monument to the People’s Heroes at the center of the Tian’anmen Square. 
       There exist different opinions on this question.
      13. There  come\ spring up\ appear\ emerge\ arrive\ enter\ follow....等,用来表示"突然出现"。例如: 
      There appears to be no substitute for this stuff yet. 
      There came a company of actors and actresses. 
      There followed a spirited discussion after class. 

14. there be句型中be用不定式,形成"(for)there to be +宾格词"结构,表示"有"或"存在(某种情况)",在"(for)there to be +宾格词"的结构中,主语是宾格词。这种不定式结构在句中作逻辑宾语、状语和主语。 

1)."there to be +宾格词"在句中作宾语。例如: 
The students expected there to be more reviewing classes before the final exams. 
    "there to be +宾格词"结构在句中作动词expect的宾语,句中的宾格词m ore review- ing classes作"there to be"不定式结构的逻辑主语。特别应该注意的是there后的不定式只能用"to be"的形式,因为这种不定式结构是从"there be"结构转化而来的。又如: 
People don’t want there to be anotherwar. 
Members like there to be plenty of choice. 
Perhaps transportation and the means of comm unication have really made it possible for there to be an end to the big cities. 
It is fairly common in Africa for there to be an ensemble of expert musicians surrounded by others who join in by clapping,singing,or somehow adding to the totality of musical sound. 
     "there to be +宾格词"结构在句中作介词for的宾语,句中的宾格词an ensemble of expert musicians 作"there to be"不定式结构的逻辑主语。 

2)."for there to be +宾格词"在句中作状语。例如: 
It isn’t cold enough for there to be a frost tonight,so I can leave Jim ’s car out quite safely.("for there to be +宾格词"作结果状语) 
特别应该注意的是,"for there to be +宾格词"在句中作状语时必须用介词 for引出 there be 后面的宾格词。又如: 
For there to be successful communication, there must be attentiveness and involvement in the discussing itself by all present.("for there to be +宾格词"作目的状语)
    They planned for there to be another meeting.("for there to be +宾格词"作目的状语) 

3)."there to be +宾格词"在句中作主语。例如: 
It’s a great pity for there to be much trouble in the company.特别应该注意的是, 
     "for there to be +宾格词"在句中作主语时必须用介词for引出 there be后面的宾格词。又如: 
It is impossible for there to be any more apples. 
For there to be so few people in the streets was unusual. 

15、there be句型中be用V -ing分词,形成"(of)there being +宾格词"结构,表示"有"或"存在(某种情况)",在"(of)there be- ing +宾格词"的结构中,主语是宾格词。 

1."there being +宾格词"在句中作宾语。例如: 
Have you ever thought of there being so many work units for you to choose on the talent’s meeting?("there being +宾格词"作宾语) 
     "there being +宾格词"结构在句中作介词of的宾语,句中的宾格词so m any work u- nits作"there being"V-ing分词短语结构的逻辑主语。又如: 
No one had told him anything about there being a beautiful story about the lake. John was relying on there being another opportunity. 

2."there being +宾格词"在句中作状语。例如: 
There being no cause for alarm ,she went back to her bedroom.("there being +宾格词"作原因状语) 
     "there being +宾格词"结构在句中作状语,句中的宾格词no cause作"there being" V-ing分词短语结构的逻辑主语。又如: 
There having been a strong suspicion against the ability of the director,the department asked him to resign.("there being +宾格词"作原因状语) 
There being nothing to be done,they have to go back home.("there being +宾格词"作原因状语) 
There being no further business,the chairm an closed the meeting.("there being +宾格词"作原因状语) 

3."there being +宾格词"在句中作主 语。例如: 
There being a bus stop so near the house is a great advantage. 
"there being +宾格词"结构在句中作主语,句中的宾格词a bus stop作"there being" V-ing分词短语结构的逻辑主语。 

【注】以上有的结构中的no根据情况也可换成其他限定词:

There is some difficulty in doing sth意为“做某事有些困难”。

There is much difficulty in doing sth意为“做某事许多困难”。

There’s a need for…意为“需要或有必要…”。

16 . 在由"there be +主语名词"引起的句子中,修饰主语的情况。 
1.在由"there be +主语名词"引起的句子中,用来修饰主语的不定式可以用被动形式,也可以用主动形式。例如: 
There is no time to lose /to be lost. 
There are still many things to take care of /to be taken care of.在口语中多用主动形式。但是有时候两种形式可能表示不同的意思。试比较: 
There is nothing to do now.(We have nothing to do now.) 
There is nothing to be done now.(We can do nothing now.) 
There is nothing to see(nothing worth seeing). 
There is nothing to be seen(nothing there at all). 

2.在由"there be +主语名词"引起的句子中,用来修饰主语的分词或分词短语在意思上相当于一个定语从句。例如: 
There were 200children studying(=who were studying)m usic,dancing,or dram atics. 
Is there anything planned(=that has been planned)for tonight?


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