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引用 英语中句型结构互通现象举隅   

2016-04-02 16:42:32|  分类: 已发表文章 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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英语中有很多的句型结构和习惯表达,但其中不乏可以相互转化的结构和习惯表达方式,虽然结构有所变化,但句意还是大致相同的,只是人们口头或书面交流中,由于个人喜好或行文表达需要而采用相应的表达方式。在学习和教学中如果我们用心归纳和总结,那么我们可以做到句型、语法和词法的相互渗透,从而掌握灵活的语言表达和英语思维,做到融会贯通。仅举几例说明如下:

1、It is said that + 从句 与其他结构的互通现象

1)以2015年江苏卷单项选择第21题为例:

The number of smokers, ______is reported, has dropped by 17% in just one year.  (插入语)

A. it        B. which     C. what        D. as     【D】

解析:本题旨在考查as引导的非限制性定语从句做插入语的用法。位置变,句法没变。句意没变,淡化了主句。

请看一下互通现象:

___As___is reported,  the number of smokers has dropped by 17% in just one year. (As引导的非限制性定语从句)

____It___ is reported that the number of smokers has dropped by 17% in just one year. (that引导的主语从句,it为形式主语)

____What___ is reported is that the number of smokers has dropped by 17% in just one year. (what引导的主语从句、that引导的表语从句)

The number of smokers is reported to have dropped by 17% in just one year. (be + v-ed+ to have done 结构)

练一练:

It is said that body language accounts for 55% of a first impression while what you say just 7%.  (2015福建卷)

2、情感类使动词(satisfy、disappoint等)所在句子间的结构互通现象

以2015年福建卷单项选择第26题为例:

To my delight, I _______ from hundreds of applicants to attend the opening ceremony.

A. was chosen    B. was being chosen    C. would choose    D. had chosen    【A】

本题旨在考察时态与语态。但此句的结构很典型。可转化为:

What delighted me was that  I was chosen  from hundreds of applicants to attend the opening ceremony. (what引导的主语从句、that引导的表语从句)

What made me delighted was that I was chosen from hundreds of applicants to attend the opening ceremony. (what引导的主语从句、that引导的表语从句)

I was delighted to have been chosen from hundreds of applicants to attend the opening ceremony. (be+情感类形容词+ to have done结构)

3. 独立主格结构与其他结构的互通现象

比如:1) All the work finished, he sat down for a coffee.(独立主格结构)

== When all the work was finished, he sat down for a coffee.(when引导的时间从句)

== With all the work finished, he sat down for a coffee.(with复合结构)

又如:2)The country has already sent up three unmanned spacecraft, the most recent having been launched at the end of last month.

=The country has already sent up three unmanned spacecrafts, the most recent of which was launched at the end of last month.(非限制性定语从句)

3).The old farmer raised 10 pigs, two weighing 200kg.

=The old farmer raised 10 pigs, two of which weighed 200kg.(非限制性定语从句)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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