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引用 高考英语短文改错技巧讲解   

2016-02-13 21:19:44|  分类: 高中英语教学与研 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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高考英语短文改错技巧讲解 - liufeng8657291@126 - 英语梦

 动词形,名词数;注意形和副;非谓动词细辨别;习惯用法要记住;句子成分多分析;

逻辑错误须关注。

一. 动词形

主要包括两类错误:动词的时态和语态错误,以及主、谓不一致的错误。例如:

My favorite sport is football. I was member of our school football team. (is)

Now my picture and prize is hanging in the library. (are)

上述两例分别属于时态错误和主、谓不一致错误。找出此类错误的关键是树立牢固的时态概念,注意短文内容发生或存在的时间,保持时间概念的一致性。

二. 名词数

指名词单、复数形式的用法错误。常表现为将名词复数写成单数。例如:

so that Ill get good marks in all my subject. (subjects)

三. 区分形和副

及区分形容词和副词在句子中的作用和具体用法。这也是高考短文改错的常考点。例如:

Im sure well have a wonderfully time together. (wonderful)

Unfortunate, there are too many people in my family. (Unfortunately)

需要注意的是,形容词多用来做定、表、补语等,而副词只能在句子中作状语,修饰动词、形容词、副词或整个句子。第一例中的wonderful作定语修饰time,第二句的Unfortunately作状语修饰整个句子。

四. 非谓动词细辨别

这是考查最多的错误形式之一。主要有分词和动名词类错误,也包括不定式类错误。例如:

in my spare time, but now I am interesting in football. (interested)

Play football not only makes us grow up tall and strong but also (playing)

My parents love me and will do all they can make sure (to)

上述二、三例分别是动名词作主语,和不定式作目的状语。一般的,现在分词有主动态和进行时的含义,而过去分词具有被动态和完成时的含义,不定式有将来时态的含义。

五. 习惯用法要记住

主要考查习惯搭配方面的基础知识。这也是历年高考的常考点,其错误表现形式主要有三种:多词、少词和搭配错误。

It was very kind for them to meet me at the railway station and (of)

We must keep in mind that we play for the team instead ourselves. (of)

六. 句子成分多分析

不同的句子成分要用不同的词类;不同的语景要选择不同的词语。这些都有待我们对句子结构和句子成分作细致的分析,才能找出用词不当的错误。例如:

They eager to know everything about China and (were)

I live in Beijing, where is the capital of China. (which)

第一例漏掉了谓语动词were,这是受寒于习惯的影响而导致的错误;第二例则是词类与它在句子中的成分不相符,where是副词,不能作主语。

七. 逻辑错误须关注

与句子的上、下文不一致,甚至相矛盾,属于逻辑性错误。如称谓上的张冠李戴,人名、地名、时间、方位等方面的错误,常是这类错误的考查对象。例如:

The Smiths did his best to make me feel at home. (their)

First, let me tell you something more about myself. (去掉more)

no way of setting the matter except by selling the set. Now someone at home reads instead.(everyone)

上述第一例中的主语是Smiths(史密斯夫妇俩),因此后面的his不合逻辑。第二例中的more在这儿表“再”的意思,才开始告诉别人,怎么能说“再告诉你一些事”?第三例讲的是为了解决看电视时的争端,“我们”把电视机卖了;晚上没电视看了,所以与从前一样,大家又都读书了,所以该用everyone

除了上述错误类型外,常考的错误形式还有:连词but, and, orso的用法错误(可以归类为逻辑错误),以及冠词的用法错误等。例如:

She was smiling but nodding at me. (and)  It looks as if my parents treat me as avisitor and a guest. (or)

We may be one family and live under a same roof. (the)

语法口诀要记牢

(一)   见到谓语找主语,主谓一致找状语,见到名词想多数,可不可数要记牢

见到平行看结构,形式功能要对称见到代词找指代,指代通常不合理

带宾语必带to,不带宾语不带 to小小of常抓的点,of前名词adj最高级

比较级不修饰比较级,最高级不修饰最高级

(二)谓与非谓经常混

谓语句中就一个,其余动词非谓语,常见形式有三种,v-ing ,v-edto do

主谓通常v-ing,动宾通常v-ed,现在分词表主动,过去分词表被动,

目的要用不定式,by前有过去分词相拥,by后有动名词后抱,介词后跟动名词,

时态基点要搞清,现在还是过去时,

(三)规则是说谎  lie  lied   lied 不规则是躺  lie  lay   lain 躺过就下蛋  lay   laid  laid下蛋不规则

 示例:1. Im a middle school student name Li Ming. Im writing to tell you something. Recently I

noticed many of my classmates often go to the cyber cafe near our school. I went there too in the other day. I was surprising to see many students playing computer games, watching films or chat. Some students were even talking about love affairs online.

   On my opinion, cyber cafes should be a place which we can find much useful informations.

The Internet should be a window to the outside world rather than place for games. The Internet

is good if we make good use of it. Otherwise, it will give us great harm. So the local government should take measure to make sure that students use cyber cafes positively.

2.So my first week at college is over! No lectures this morning so I think Id email you and let you know what things are going. Im glad to say that anything has worked out fine in the dorm. I remember asking for a room as far away from the lifts as possible and they find me a comfortable one on second floor. There are two girls from my course here and I plan to make friend with them so that we can help each other on the course work. Everyone else seems very nice and warmly here. Well, I had better to stop now. Im going to attend mine first lesson this afternoon, for Ive got some preparations to make. Keep in touch.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

参考答案

短文改错:

1.      what-----how

2.      anything----everything

3.      find----found

4.      on second-----on the second

5.      friend----friends

6.      on----with

7.      warmly----warm

8.      to stop----stop

9.      mine----my

for-----so

参考答案

Im a middle school student name Li Ming. Im writing to tell you something.

                       1named

Recently I noticed many of my classmates often go to the cyber cafe near our

                           

school. I went there too in the other day. I was surprising to see many students

                    2,去掉in          3.surprised     

playing computer games, watching films or chat. Some students were even

4chatting

talking about love affairs online.

5.in                             

On my opinion, cyber cafes should be a place which we can find much useful 

5.in                                  6.where

informations. The Internet should be a window to the outside world rather than

7 information

place for games. The Internet is good if we make good use of it. Otherwise, it

8 a place

will give us great harm. So the local government should take measure to make

   9do                                         10 measures

sure that students use cyber cafes positively.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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