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引用 2015年高考英语听力(全国卷)分析报告   

2016-01-03 19:43:27|  分类: 高中英语教学与研 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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2015年全国卷高考英语听力整体情况与去年持平,重点考查听者辨别事实细节和简单推理判断的能力。平稳中稍有变化。短对话较之往年,句子更简短,结构更松散,语调的作用在上下文得到了较明显的体现。长对话的材料组织在信息干扰方面加大了力度。独白的句法、词法丰富,在描绘伦敦茶叶贸易中心图景的同时,充分展现了语言的文化魅力。


一、基本情况

2015年全国卷高考英语听力材料话题丰富多彩,贴近日常生活。见下表:

PASSAGE

TOPIC

PASSAGE

TOPIC

Text 1

赶火车

Text 6

旅行

Text 2

天气

Text 7

点餐

Text 3

着急去开会

Text 8

同事生病了

Text 4

选课

Text 9

找房子

Text 5

关掉录音机

Text 10

London Tea Trade Centre

本套试卷的听力主播是Kris & Laura,与去年一致;速度为150-155 wpm;整套材料的词数约为731个单词,为近5年来最少;设题方面,依然以事实细节题和推理判断题为主;难度方面,整体上有10个左右的难度题。

二、材料和试题特点

1. 更加真实的对话情境。

Text 5是一个典型的例子。

5. What does the woman want the man to do?

A. Speak louder.

B. Apologize to her.

C. Turn off the radio.

原文:

W: Could you turn that off? I can’t hear myself think.

M: What?

W: The radio.

M: Oh! Sorry.

整段对话字数很少,男女双方使用的都是只言片语,简单的话语配上合适的语调,勾勒出日常生活中常见的一幕。


2. 信息点密集。

正确选项和干扰项的信息点密集分布在原文中, 尤其体现在Text 6和Text 9两段对话中, 如第6、7、8、11、14、15、16小题。

第6题问How long did Michael stay in China?而原文中与之相关的信息点有five days,one week和two weeks. 第7题问Where did Michael go last year? 干扰的信息点有Russia,Norway和India. 第15题问How much rent should one pay for the one-bedroom apartment? 相关信息点有$350,$400和$415. 这几道题的干扰项信息点均出自原文,且位置紧密。


3. 推断题构思巧妙。尤其体现在第1、3、9、10、11、13等小题。解答这类题在听取录音时,不仅需要记录相关信息点,排除干扰项的录音,还要进行简单的计算及推理判断。


3. What will the man do?

A. Attend a meeting.

B. Give a lecture.

C. Leave his office.

原文:

M: Now, let’s stop talking and get going. I need to be in my office in fifteen minutes, or I’ll be late for a meeting.

W: Okay, bye.

此题是对下一步动作的推断,答案为A。从男士的话let’s stop talking and get going.及 or I’ll be late for a meeting.可推知他接下来要去开会。


9. What are the speakers going to do?

A. Cook dinner.

B. Go shopping.

C. Order dishes.

原文:

M: Sally, do you like seafood?

W: Yes, of course.

M: Is there anything you especially like?

W: Well, I really don’t know. I can never remember the names.

M: Okay. Is there any food you don’t eat?

W: Well, I don’t eat chicken. And I don’t like eggs, either. But I like all kinds of fish and vegetables.

M: Then let’s look at the menu and see what they’ve got for us.

此题通过对下一步动作的推断来考查对话的场景,答案为C。结合上下文语境及最后一句Then let’s look at the menu and see what they’ve got for us.可推知两人将要点餐。


10. Where are the speakers?

A. In a hospital.

B. In the office.

C. At home.

11. When is the report due?

A. Thursday.

B. Friday.

C. Next Monday.

原文:

M: You look pale, Stephanie. What’s wrong?

W: I don’t feel good. I have a bad headache. In fact, I haven’t got much sleep this past week, and I feel really tired.

M: Why don’t you go to see a doctor?

W: Yeah, I think I should. But I have a report due tomorrow. Ms. Jenkins needs it for the board meeting next Monday.

M: Well, it’s Wednesday today. Why don’t you talk to Ms. Jenkins, and ask if you can hand it in on Friday morning?

W: Maybe I should try. I guess I just need a good sleep. Thanks, George.

M: If you need any help with the report, just let me know.

第10题对地点进行推断,答案为 B。根据上下文及女士的话But I have a report due tomorrow. Ms. Jenkins needs it for the board meeting next Monday.可知双方在谈论工作的事,对话场景发生在办公室。

第11题答案为 A。结合女士的话But I have a report due tomorrow.及男士的话Well, it’s Wednesday today.可知答案。


13. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Salesperson and customer.

B. Homeowner and cleaner.

C. Husband and wife.

14. What kind of apartment do the speakers prefer?

A. One with two bedrooms.

B. One without furniture.

C. One near a market.


原文:

W: Anything interesting in the paper today, dear?

M: Well, yeah. There are a few here that might interest us. Here’s one for just four hundred dollars. It only has one bedroom, but it sounds nice, near Lake Street.

W: Yeah. Let me see what the cheapest two-bedroom apartment is. Oh, here’s one on Market Street. It’s a real bargain. Only three hundred and fifty dollars. But it doesn’t have any furniture.

M: Well, it costs a lot to buy all the furniture.

W: Oh, here’s another one for just over four hundred dollars. This sounds very interesting! It’s on South Street. That’s a nice area.

M: Yes, it’s quiet. Did you say two bedrooms?

W: Yes, at four hundred and fifteen dollars.

M: Why don’t we go and have a look?

W: Okay, I’ll give them a call.


第13题推断人物关系,答案为C。根据对话开头女士对男士的称呼dear可以判断两人的亲密关系,再从两人谈论的选房话题进一步确认二者是夫妻关系。

第14题的答案为A。从女士说的Let me see what the cheapest two-bedroom apartment is. 以及男士所说Did you say two bedrooms?可以得知他们想要的是两个卧室的公寓。答案巧妙地掩藏在上下文的话语之间。


4. 正确选项是对原文的同义转述。

短对话第4题,观点态度题。

4. What is the woman’s opinion about the course?

A. Too hard.

B. Worth taking.

C. Very easy.

原文:

M: This course is really difficult.

W: I don’t think it’s all that bad. And we’ll benefit a lot from it.

M: So, you’re taking it too?

W: That’s true.

此题答案为B,从女士的话I don’t think it’s all that bad. And we’ll benefit a lot from it.可知她觉得这门课值得选。


18. Why do tea tasters taste tea with milk?

A. Most British people drink tea that way.

B. Tea tastes much better with milk.

C. Tea with milk is healthy.

此题答案为A。原文The tasters generally taste teas with milk, since that is how the majority of British people drink their tea.中的the majority of British people 在正确选项中转换成了most British people。

这两道题的正确选项都是对原文中相关的语块、词汇进行了转换,第4题的benefit from (受益),第18题的majority (大多数)。其中majority这个词可能不属于听力常用词汇,但这里出题点就落在这个单词身上,所以学生们平时词汇的积累当然是多多益善。

顺便提一下,这段有关伦敦茶叶贸易中心的独白之前曾以完形填空的形式出现过,本段材料做了一点改写。


综上所述,全国卷听力既注重学生辨别基本的事实细节的能力,又考查学生的理解推断能力。既强调语言的交际功能,也不忽略语言的文化内涵。


因此,在平时训练中,我们有如下建议:

(1)夯实语言知识基础,熟悉重音、语调等相关语音知识,加强辨音能力;

(2)选择信息点丰富,选项干扰强的材料;

(3)培养语言灵活转换的能力;

(4)重视跨文化背景知识,提高听力综合素质。


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